EBOLA

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Ebola Hemorrhagic Fever

Ebola hemorrhagic fever (Ebola HF) is one of numerous Viral Hemorrhagic Fevers. It is a severe, often fatal disease in humans and nonhuman primates (such as monkeys, gorillas, and chimpanzees).

Ebola HF is caused by infection with a virus of the family Filoviridae, genus Ebolavirus. When infection occurs, symptoms usually begin abruptly. The first Ebolavirus species was discovered in 1976 in what is now the Democratic Republic of the Congo near the Ebola River. Since then, outbreaks have appeared sporadically.

There are five identified subspecies of Ebolavirus. Four of the five have caused disease in humans: Ebola virus (Zaire ebolavirus); Sudan virus (Sudan ebolavirus); Taï Forest virus (Taï Forest ebolavirus, formerly Côte d'Ivoire ebolavirus); and Bundibugyo virus (Bundibugyo ebolavirus). The fifth, Reston virus (Reston ebolavirus), has caused disease in nonhuman primates, but not in humans.

The natural reservoir host of ebolaviruses remains unknown. However, on the basis of available evidence and the nature of similar viruses, researchers believe that the virus is zoonotic (animal-borne) with bats being the most likely reservoir. Four of the five subtypes occur in an animal host native to Africa.

A host of similar species is probably associated with Reston virus, which was isolated from infected cynomolgous monkeys imported to the United States and Italy from the Philippines. Several workers in the Philippines and in US holding facility outbreaks became infected with the virus, but did not become ill.

Rapid Health Assessment in Outbreaks of Viral Haemorrhagic Fever (VHF):

First Ebola Rapid Tests:

Can salt help stop Ebola?

No! It can't.

Salt is 'bacteriostatic' meaning it will slow the growth of most BACTERIA. Some salts, (eg Dead Sea salts) are also 'bactericidal' meaning they can kill some bacteria as well.

Ebola however is a VIRUS and is unaffected by salt. Bathing, drinking or, applying salt will have no beneficial effect whatsoever. (Same goes for pepper, vinegar, kolanuts, "Agbo Jedi-Jedi" or "Burntashi")

A person with Ebola is only infective when they begin to show symptoms. What this means is that you are very unlikely to contract the virus from a person who is not visibly ill.

Even though early symptoms may mimic other common febrile illnesses, the characteristic external bleeding from the mouth and nose and other sites as well as red eyes and mucous membranes clearly distinguish Ebola from other illnesses that cause fever and malaise.

Epidemiological research shows that majority of those who get infected are close family relations, carers and medical personnel who have been involved in the one on one treatment and care of victims. Persons who have handled corpses of Ebola victims are also prone. What this means is that unless you are a doctor, nurse, relative of an Ebola victim or an undertaker, your risk of contacting Ebola is (theoretically) very low.

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